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As the United States begins to recover in 2021 from the economic impact of COVID-19 and businesses reopen, employers find it difficult to obtain sufficient employees. This is slowing the recovery. It is also impacting supply chains and leading to shortages of certain consumer goods, which in turn is fueling inflation.
Republicans point to unemployment benefits as causing the labor shortage. They claim that people receive a higher income from those benefits than they could earn by working. This is just plain false. Unemployment benefits are never sufficiently generous to replace what a worker was earning at a job.
Economists have identified at least three major causes of the labor shortage:
During the pandemic, some employers proved to be abusive. The following lists only some of the abuses.
Abusive employers now wonder why they cannot attract workers to replace those who they laid-off and those who died in the pandemic.
As employers began to recruit workers, workers realized that they do not have to accept the first offer of employment. They have the ability to choose employment that is most optimal for them. They can negotiate wages and salaries. They can compare benefits from multiple offers of employment.
Out-of-work seniors discovered their living costs are lower without commuting, buying lunch, needing to buy uniforms at their own cost, et cetera. They already accumulated some savings towards retirement and decided retirement is now. A persistently low birth rate in the United States means fewer new workers are entering the job market to replace retirees.
This was made worse when President Trump reduced legal immigration, thus reducing another supply of workers. It should be noted that Japan's decades-long economic malaise results from the same situation. Germany also has a low birth-rate and an aging, retiring population; that nation, however, mitigates the problem by encouraging immigration.
12 July 2021
Updated 13 August 2021
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